Tripoli is Libya’s capital and major port on the Mediterranean coast. Also known as Tarabalus Al-Gharb (Tripoli of the West), the city’s history dates back to its founding by the Phoenicians in 1000 BC. Remains of once regal Greek and Roman cities were buried beneath Libya’s sands for eons. Only in the past century, excavation works have brought to light the unbelievable splendor of Libya’s artifacts of antiquity that are among the most spectacular in the Mediterranean region. The country’s stunning connection to the past is also depicted in some world-class museums.